After you have allowed water to soften the ground
at the site you have selected, there are a few additional
things you should do to the equipment to also help
ease the project along. Rubbing a bar of soap over
the screen will help to reduce friction and also keep
out some of the dirt on the way down. Also, you will
want to make sure the drive point is perpendicular
to the ground by checking it with a level. A slanted
well will waste pipe and be difficult to pump.
Next, use a heavy wooden mallet to drive the capped
galvanized pipe into the ground. Try to hit the capped
pipe evenly in the center of the cap in order to avoid
swaying from side-to-side of the pipe. When the cap
becomes dented or cracked, discard it and replace
it with another. When the cap is even with the bottom
of the pit you dug, remove it and put on a new coupling
and length of pipe. Use the Teflon tape on the pipe
threads and be certain that all connections are tightened
with the pipe wrench.
If the drive point hits a large rock, you must pull
the point out and start again in a new location. Two
hydraulic automobile jacks on either side of the pipe
can be used to pull out the drive point.
When you think that you have reached water, use the
weight tied to a string and lower it into the pipe.
If the string comes out wet, repeat this test multiple
times over the next two days. If the string continues
to come up wet, then you have found water. Continue
to drive the pipe down some more to make sure you
have compensated for droughts and fluctuations.
The last thing is to add a sanitary seal to prevent
surface runoff from contaminating the water. You will
also want to lengthen the pipe to a height about 3
feet or so above the surface of the ground and refill
the pit you dug with soil. In order to protect your
water supply and anchor your well, you should pour
concrete centered around the pipe at the surface.
Installing insulation around the pipes will also protect
your well from temperatures below freezing.
Pitcher pumps are ideal for shallow wells but at
any depth greater than 25 feet, they stop working
because of limited atmospheric pressure. Inertia pumps
are the simplest pumps because they contain only one
moving part and they are also the least expensive
manual deep well pumps. If you have indoor plumbing
or sprinklers, you will need a powered pump.